Introduction to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Southwest Hospital
The department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Southwest Hospital (SWOG), affiliated with the Third Military Medical University (TTMU), was founded in 1930. Ahead of its time, SWOG began granting master's degree certification (the 1st batch of the whole army) in 1980. In 1997, it expanded this program to include a doctoral program. SWOG was named one of the first “Baby-friendly Hospitals” in Chongqing City by the Ministry of Health of China and was the Family Planning Technology Center of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) in 1997. SWOG has long been a forefront for Obstetrics and Gynecology for TMMU. In 2002, it was the center of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology for TMMU. In 2003 it housed the Minimally Invasive Gynecology Institute in Chongqing; in 2006 it housed the Infertility Therapy Center for PLA and the first Prenatal Diagnosis Agency of Chongqing. It also served as the Gynecological Endoscopy Training Base for the Chinese Medical Association of the National Ministry of Health in 2007 and as the Senior Personnel Training Base for the State Family Planning Commission in 2009. In addition, SWOG was the only midwifery specialist nurse-training base in Chongqing.
Currently, SWOG is a doctoral granting institution. There are nearly 200 staff members in the department, including 4 professors and 12 associate professors, one of whom is a first level professor, two are tutors of Doctor’s Degree, and six are tutors of Master’s Degree. SWOG has a remarkably talented staff.
Department of Gynecology
The department is renowned for minimally invasive diagnosis and therapy (laparoscopy) for gynecological disease. The surgeons have performed laparoscopy and other minimally invasive procedures since 1983. And now, laparoscopic procedures are applied to all the areas of gynecological diseases, including gynecologic malignancy tumors, pelvic floor dysfunction, etc. The department recently conducted a clinical observation and analysis of 2200 cases of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy & lymphadenectomy for cervical carcinoma and over 400 cases of laparoscopic hysterectomy & lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer, the largest quantity in the world. The department received the first prize of military medical achievement for the “The Establishment and Clinical Research of Laparoscopic Techniques on Gynecologic Oncology” in 2010 and were awarded 2nd prize in the Chongqing scientific technical progress award for “The Minimally Invasive Therapy of Gynecological Diseases” in 2006. The department has pioneered the use of laparoscopy for the treatment of complex gynecologic malignancies, including presacral tumors (e.g. teratomas and nerve fibers tumor), recurrent ovarian cancer, and cervical stump cancer. Consequently, a minimally invasive therapeutic option is now available for even the most serious diseases.
Department of Obstetrics
The Obstetrics Department is domestically and internationally recognized for its management of high-risk pregnancies including critical placenta previa, postpartum hemorrhage, gestational cholestasis, and hepatitis B pregnancies. Annual numbers of deliveries, hospitalization rates for critical patients, and rates of successful rescue are all at the forefront among large comprehensive hospitals in Chongqing.
Prenatal Diagnosis and Fetal Medicine
The Prenatal Diagnosis Center of SWOG has applied their advanced techniques to genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis of genetic diseases. Clinicians at SWOG have attained abundant clinical experience in prenatal diagnosis and fetal therapy.
The Prenatal Diagnosis Center conducts Down's screening, amniocentesis, cordocentesis, villus sampling, karyotype analysis, and FISH technology for prenatal screening and diagnosis of chromosomal disorders. Thousands of cases are screened and diagnosed annually in the center. In recent years, genetic testing technology platforms were established for the screening and prenatal diagnosis of a variety of common single-gene genetic disease, such as thalassemia, Duchenne progressive muscular dystrophy, hereditary deafness, spinal muscular dystrophy, fragile X syndrome, albinism, hemophilia, sweat glands ectodermal dysplasia and others.
SWOG has taken great strides in fetal imaging for prenatal care. In particular, systemic ultrasonography for the screening of abnormalities of the fetus in the 2nd trimester (22-28 GA weeks) reaches the top level domestically. MRI has been synchronized to assess and evaluate the ventricular system, urinary system, nervous system and cardiac system of the fetus for detailed prenatal diagnosis.
Fetoscopy and fetal therapies are also carried out in the center. Albinism can be diagnosed by fetoscopy, fetoscopic laser coagulation for TTTS, and fetoscopic urethral stent for fetal urinary tract obstruction were also successfully achieved during these years. A variety of meetings, seminars, and lectures have been held to provide opportunities to exchange ideas and enhance collaboration and communication.